The small island state of Malta with approximately 490,000 inhabitants and the size of the Gaza strip has had quite an interesting history. Malta is a small island archipelago nation and the fifth smallest in Europe located in the mediterranean sea just about 80 kilometers south of Sicily in Italy. Made up of many small islets with the three main islands of Malta (where about 90% of the population lives), Gozo and Comino. The country is divided into 5 regions and further divided into 68 local councils with the capital in Valletta which is located at the northeastern side of the main island. The country only has one major airport Malta International (MAL) and transportation across the country is by ferry. UNESCO has named the capital city Valletta as the most concentrated historical city in the world. Malta may be small but the country has centuries worth of history that has played major roles in the modern civilization of the European continent.