Nigerien Lifestyle and Culture

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Niger's society reflects a rich cultural, societal, and ethnic diversity. Nigeriens are 90% Muslim with both African and French influence. Different ethnic groups dominated in their respective regions but are still united as a nation. Let’s take a brief look at some aspects of their everyday social life.


Niger is a predominantly Muslim state as well. The majority of Nigeriens, about 99.3%, are Muslims, 0.3% are Christians, 0.2% practice African religions and 0.1% are irreligious. 

Muslim groups in Niger are divided into Sunni, Shia, Ahmadiyya, and others non-denominational. Islam was spread in Niger in the 15th century because of trade. Christianity was spread through missionary activities during the colonization of Niger. Niger encourages inter-faith relations and there is religious tolerance in the country.                                                                                                                                                          

Food and cuisine

Food in Niger is generally a mix of African and European influences. Ingredients include rice, meat, vegetables, millet, cassava, sorghum, beans, chicken, fish, plantains, groundnuts, and maize. The most common dishes in Niger include

  •  Jollof rice- is rice made from a mixture of rice, tomatoes, tomato paste, onions, cooking oil, goat meat, chicken, or beef. It is common among many West African nations.
  • Moringa- these are used as a salad.
  • Stews and soups-
  • Millet porridge- this is a porridge made from ground or crushed millet meal.


Music in Niger has evolved from traditional music from different ethnic groups including the Hausa, Zarma Shongai, Tuareg, Fula, Toubou, Diffa, and the Gurma. Western types of music like hip hop and pop have also been introduced.

Percussion instruments used in Niger include the Duma, Molo, Ganga, and kakaki to name but a few. These are mostly used at ceremonial occasions and marriages.

The Zarma people are known to be solo players who play the lute and fiddles, the Fula use the griot and are mostly praise singers, and the Tuareg are known for their romantic music. Most music in Niger is accompanied by clapping and dancing, to create lively events.


Art in Niger started long back as evidenced by the various rock paintings, for example in Iwellene. Nigeriens are very good at various crafts like canvas painting, fabric making, wooden furniture, wood sculptures, jewelry, and other curios.


The most popular sport in Niger is football. Niger has several local clubs that compete in professional and amateur leagues. Niger's national soccer team has played competitively in Africa's top competition, the Africa cup of nations. Another popular sport is rugby where the


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